Located in the north-west of Europe, in the vicinity of the North Sea, Belgium and Germany, the Netherlands has an open economy, which is in the top 20 in the world, and the official currency of the Netherlands is the Euro. The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch, but practically everyone speaks English and a lot of people speak German.
The Netherlands represents the western part of the coast. The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy, the king's name is Willem Alexander.
The Netherlands is a founding member state of the Benelux, the European Union and the Schengen Agreement. Holland is well known in Romania for its tulips, windmills, Gouda cheese and for its social tolerance, being considered a liberal country. It is located in the north-west of Europe, in the vicinity of the North Sea, Belgium and Germany.
The Netherlands, although it is a small country in terms of surface area, approximately 41,500 km², is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. A quarter of the country's territory is below sea level, the state having the lowest altitude in the world. The capital of the Netherlands is Amsterdam, but the seat of government, the royal residence and most embassies are in The Hague.
LIVING IN THE NETHERLANDS
Every person who wants to work in the Netherlands needs a BSN number (burgerservicenummer), which is the equivalent of the Romanian CNP, i.e. a citizen registration number. Any citizen who wants a legal job in the Netherlands, a bank account, etc. needs BSN number.
The climate in the Netherlands is temperate-oceanic, with permanent winds, which has led to the intensive use of windmills. Summer in the Netherlands is warm, the average temperature in June being 16-17⁰C, a little cooler than normal in Romania. Winter is a cool season, the average temperature in January being around 2⁰C, it is usually warmer than in Romania and it snows less.
According to a study carried out by Health Consumer Powerhouse (http://www.gandul.info/stiri/studiu-olanda-tara-cu-cel-mai-performant-sistem-sanitary-din-ue-pe-ce-loc-se -afla-romania-11737309), Holland is the country with the best performing sanitary system in Europe. The Netherlands has a developed infrastructure and a very efficient public transport system.
Almost every Dutch person has a bicycle, some of them even have two. Most of them use the bicycle as a means of transport to get to work. As the Netherlands is much flatter than Romania, cycling is practiced on a much larger scale. Even children ride bicycles to school or to sports, that's why you have to be more careful in traffic.
When you live in the Netherlands, it is important to know that:
Fishing is prohibited without a permit. Barbecues are not allowed outdoors or in the forest - only in designated areas
The Dutch do not appreciate it if someone disturbs their peace (loud music in the evening, noisy neighbors, etc.)
The maximum speed on the highway is 120 km/h, on county roads 80 km/h and in the locality 50 km/h.
Traffic fines are very high.
From an economic point of view, the Netherlands has one of the safest economies, enjoying a stable political climate, a clear legal framework and well-developed trade relations. The Dutch economy is largely based on foreign trade, and some of the most important features are moderate unemployment and inflation, advantageous geographical position, stimulating tax system.
The most developed sector of the Dutch economy is that of services, representing three quarters of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product), the largest share being that of commercial services.
Another highly developed sector in the Netherlands is agriculture, which is one of the best performing in the world. The results of Dutch agriculture have been achieved due to the intensive cultivation of arable land and an accentuated specialization in the sector of cattle breeding and horticulture. Holland's fame is also linked to its flower crops, especially tulip crops, and agritourism is a form of supplementing the income of more than 2,500 Dutch farms.
DID YOU KNOW THAT?
Curiosities and general statistical information about the Netherlands
Is the Netherlands home to the world's largest port?
Is the city of Amsterdam the friendliest city for bikes and cyclists and that there are more bikes than people in Amsterdam?
Does the Netherlands have the lowest unemployment rate in Europe?
The first wooden shoe comes from Holland and is called a klompen?
Do the tallest people in the world live in the Netherlands?
The Netherlands has about 1000 museums? Does Holland have the oldest national anthem and the oldest tricolor in the world?
Did the Dutch invent the microscope, the telescope, the pendulum clock and the mercury thermometer?
Philips is a Dutch company and it invented the audio cassette, the video cassette, the CD and the CD-ROM?